Directive 2020/2184 - Quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)

Please note

This page contains a limited version of this dossier in the EU Monitor.


Current status

This directive has been published on December 23, 2020, entered into force on January 12, 2021 and should have been implemented in national regulation on January 12, 2023 at the latest.


Key information

official title

Directive (EU) 2020/2184 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2020 on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)
Legal instrument Directive
Number legal act Directive 2020/2184
Original proposal COM(2017)753 EN
CELEX number i 32020L2184


Key dates

Document 16-12-2020; Date of signature
Publication in Official Journal 23-12-2020; OJ L 435 p. 1-62
Signature 16-12-2020
Effect 12-01-2021; Entry into force Date pub. +20 See Art 27
Deadline 12-01-2021; See Art 26.2
12-01-2022; See Art 12.8
12-01-2023; See Art 23 And 26.2
12-01-2024; See Art 11.2(a) And 11.2(c) And 13.6 And 13.7
12-01-2025; See Art 12.2(b)
12-04-2025; At the latest See Art 21.2
12-01-2026; See Art 21.2 And 25.2
12-07-2027; See Art 18.1(b)
12-01-2029; At the latest See Art 19.3
12-01-2029; See Art 18.1(a) And 18.1(b)
12-01-2035; See Art 19.1
End of validity 31-12-9999
Transposition 12-01-2023; See Art 24.1
12-01-2026; See Art 25.1


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

L 435/1



of 16 December 2020

on the quality of water intended for human consumption


(Text with EEA relevance)


Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 192(1) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (2),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (3),




Council Directive 98/83/EC (4) has been substantially amended several times (5). Since further amendments are to be made, that Directive should be recast in the interests of clarity.



Directive 98/83/EC set the legal framework to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean. This Directive should pursue the same objective and should improve access to such water for all in the Union. To that end, it is necessary to lay down at Union level the minimum requirements with which water intended for that purpose should comply. Member States should take the necessary measures to ensure that water intended for human consumption is free from any micro-organisms and parasites and from any substances which, in numbers or concentrations, in certain cases, constitute a potential danger to human health, and that it meets those minimum requirements.



It is necessary to exclude from the scope of this Directive natural mineral waters and waters which are medicinal products, since such types of water are covered by Directives 2009/54/EC (6) and 2001/83/EC (7) of the European Parliament and of the Council respectively. However, Directive 2009/54/EC deals with both natural mineral waters and spring waters, and only the former category should be exempted from the scope of this Directive. In accordance with the third subparagraph of Article 9(4) of Directive 2009/54/EC, spring waters should comply with this Directive and, with regard to microbiological requirements, spring water should comply with Directive 2009/54/EC. In the case of water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers intended for sale, or used in the manufacture, preparation or treatment of food, such water should, as a matter of principle, continue to comply with this Directive until the point of compliance, namely the tap, and should after that point be considered as food if it is intended to be, or reasonably expected to be, ingested by humans, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council (8).

In addition, food business operators that have their own water source and use it for the specific purposes of their business should be able to be exempted from this Directive provided that they comply with relevant obligations, in particular regarding hazard analysis and critical control point principles and remedial actions under relevant Union legislation on food. Food business operators that have their own water source and act as water suppliers should comply with this Directive in the same way as any other water supplier.



Following the conclusion of the European citizens’ initiative on the right to water (‘the Right2Water initiative’), the Commission launched a Union-wide public consultation and performed a Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT) Evaluation of Directive 98/83/EC. It became apparent from that exercise that certain provisions of that Directive needed to be updated. Four areas were...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



Sources and disclaimer

For further information you may want to consult the following sources that have been used to compile this dossier:

This dossier is compiled each night drawing from aforementioned sources through automated processes. We have invested a great deal in optimising the programming underlying these processes. However, we cannot guarantee the sources we draw our information from nor the resulting dossier are without fault.



Full version

This page is also available in a full version containing the legal context, de Europese rechtsgrond, other dossiers related to the dossier at hand, the related cases of the European Court of Justice and finally consultations relevant to the dossier at hand.

The full version is available for registered users of the EU Monitor by ANP and PDC Informatie Architectuur.


EU Monitor

The EU Monitor enables its users to keep track of the European process of lawmaking, focusing on the relevant dossiers. It automatically signals developments in your chosen topics of interest. Apologies to unregistered users, we can no longer add new users.This service will discontinue in the near future.