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official titleRegulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety
|Number legal act||Regulation 2002/178|
|CELEX number i||32002R0178|
|Document||28-01-2002; Date of signature|
|Publication in Official Journal||01-02-2002; Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 15 Volume 008,Special edition in Slovenian: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Hungarian: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Latvian: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Slovak: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 15 Volume 007,Special edition in Czech: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Lithuanian: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Polish: Chapter 15 Volume 006,OJ L 31, 1.2.2002,Special edition in Estonian: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Maltese: Chapter 15 Volume 006,Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 15 Volume 008|
|Effect||01-01-1001; Partial application See Art 65
21-02-2002; Entry into force Date pub. + 20 See Art 65
01-01-2005; Partial application See Art 65
|End of validity||31-12-9999|
Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety
Official Journal L 031 , 01/02/2002 P. 0001 - 0024
Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council
of 28 January 2002
laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Articles 37, 95, 133 and Article 152(4)(b) thereof,
Having regard to the proposal from the Commission(1),
Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee(2),
Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions(3),
Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty(4),
(1)The free movement of safe and wholesome food is an essential aspect of the internal market and contributes significantly to the health and well-being of citizens, and to their social and economic interests.
(2)A high level of protection of human life and health should be assured in the pursuit of Community policies.
(3)The free movement of food and feed within the Community can be achieved only if food and feed safety requirements do not differ significantly from Member State to Member State.
(4)There are important differences in relation to concepts, principles and procedures between the food laws of the Member States. When Member States adopt measures governing food, these differences may impede the free movement of food, create unequal conditions of competition, and may thereby directly affect the functioning of the internal market.
(5)Accordingly, it is necessary to approximate these concepts, principles and procedures so as to form a common basis for measures governing food and feed taken in the Member States and at Community level. It is however necessary to provide for sufficient time for the adaptation of any conflicting provisions in existing legislation, both at national and Community level, and to provide that, pending such adaptation, the relevant legislation be applied in the light of the principles set out in the present Regulation.
(6)Water is ingested directly or indirectly like other foods, thereby contributing to the overall exposure of a consumer to ingested substances, including chemical and microbiological contaminants. However, as the quality of water intended for human consumption is already controlled by Council Directives 80/778/EEC(5) and 98/83/EC(6), it suffices to consider water after the point of compliance referred to in Article 6 of Directive 98/83/EC.
(7)Within the context of food law it is appropriate to include requirements for feed, including its production and use where that feed is intended for food-producing animals. This is without prejudice to the similar requirements which have been applied so far and which will be applied in the future in feed legislation applicable to all animals, including pets.
(8)The Community has chosen a high level of health protection as appropriate in the development of food law, which it applies in a non-discriminatory manner whether food or feed is traded on the internal market or internationally.
(9)It is necessary to ensure that consumers, other stakeholders and trading partners have confidence in the decision-making processes underpinning food law, its scientific basis and the structures and independence of the institutions protecting health and other interests.
(10)Experience has shown that it is...
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