Directive 1994/62 - Packaging and packaging waste

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Current status

This directive has been published on December 31, 1994, entered into force on the same day and should have been implemented in national regulation on June 29, 1996 at the latest.


Key information

official title

European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste
Legal instrument Directive
Number legal act Directive 1994/62
Original proposal COM(1992)278
CELEX number i 31994L0062


Key dates

Document 20-12-1994
Publication in Official Journal 31-12-1994; Special edition in Maltese: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Czech: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Slovenian: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Polish: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Swedish: Chapter 15 Volume 013,Special edition in Lithuanian: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 13 Volume 014,Special edition in Estonian: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Slovak: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Hungarian: Chapter 13 Volume 013,Special edition in Finnish: Chapter 15 Volume 013,OJ L 365, 31.12.1994,Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 13 Volume 064,Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 13 Volume 014,Special edition in Latvian: Chapter 13 Volume 013
Effect 31-12-1994; Entry into force Date pub. See Art 24
30-06-1996; Partial application See Art 23
End of validity 31-12-9999
Transposition 29-06-1996; See Art 22


Legislative text

Avis juridique important




European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste

Official Journal L 365 , 31/12/1994 P. 0010 - 0023

Finnish special edition: Chapter 15 Volume 13 P. 0266

Swedish special edition: Chapter 15 Volume 13 P. 0266

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste


Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 100a thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee (2),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189b of the Treaty (3),

Whereas the differing national measures concerning the management of packaging and packaging waste should be harmonized in order, on the one hand, to prevent any impact thereof on the environment or to reduce such impact, thus providing a high level of environmental protection, and, on the other hand, to ensure the functioning of the internal market and to avoid obstacles to trade and distortion and restriction of competition within the Community;

Whereas the best means of preventing the creation of packaging waste is to reduce the overall volume of packaging;

Whereas it is important, in relation of the objectives of this Directive, to respect the general principle that measures taken in one Member State to protect the environment should not adversely affect the ability of other Member States to achieve the objectives of the Directive;

Whereas the reduction of waste is essential for the sustainable growth specifically called for by the Treaty on European Union;

Whereas this Directive should cover all types of packaging placed on the market and all packaging waste; whereas; therefore, Council Directive 85/339/EEC of 27 June 1985 on containers of liquids for human consumption (4) should be repealed;

Whereas packaging has a vital social and economic function and therefore measures provided for in this Directive should apply without prejudice to other relevant legislative requirements affecting quality and transport of packaging or packaged goods;

Whereas, in line with the Community strategy for waste management set out in Council resolution of 7 May 1990 on waste policy (5) and Council Directive 75/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 on waste (6), the management of packaging and packaging waste should include as a first priority, prevention of packaging waste and, as additional fundamental principles, reuse of packaging, recycling and other forms of recovering packaging waste and, hence, reduction of the final disposal of such waste;

Whereas, until scientific and technological progress is made with regard to recovery processes, reuse and recycling should be considered preferable in terms of environmental impact; whereas this requires the setting up in the Member States of systems guaranteeing the return of used packaging and/or packaging waste; whereas life-cycle assessments should be completed as soon as possible to justify a clear hierarchy between reusable, recyclable and recoverable packaging;

Whereas prevention of packaging waste shall be carried out through appropriate measures, including initiatives taken within the Member States in accordance with the objectives of this Directive;

Whereas Member States may encourage, in accordance with the Treaty, reuse systems of packaging which can be reused in an environmentally sound manner, in order to take advantage of the contribution of such systems to environmental protection;

Whereas from an environmental point of view recycling should be regarded as an important part of recovery with a particular view to reducing the consumption of energy and of primary raw materials and the final disposal of waste;

Whereas energy recovery is one effective means of packaging waste...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



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