Directive 2019/944 - Common rules for the internal market for electricity and amending Directive 2012/27/EU (recast)

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Current status

This directive is in effect from July  4, 2019 until October 11, 2025 and should have been implemented in national regulation on December 31, 2019 at the latest.


Key information

official title

Directive (EU) 2019/944 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on common rules for the internal market for electricity and amending Directive 2012/27/EU (recast) (Text with EEA relevance.)
Legal instrument Directive
Number legal act Directive 2019/944
Original proposal COM(2016)864 EN
CELEX number i 32019L0944


Key dates

Document 05-06-2019; Date of signature
Publication in Official Journal 14-06-2019; OJ L 158 p. 125-199
Signature 05-06-2019
Effect 04-07-2019; Entry into force Date pub. +20 See Art 73
01-01-2020; Application Partial application See Art 73
26-10-2020; Application Partial application See Art 73
01-01-2021; Application Partial application See Art 73
Deadline 01-01-2025; See Art 66.4
31-12-2025; Review See Art 69.2
05-07-2027; See Art 66.5
End of validity 11-10-2025; Partial end of validity Art. 70 Repealed by 32023L1791
Transposition 31-12-2019; See Art 71.1 PT (a)
25-10-2020; See Art 71.1 PT (b)
31-12-2020; See Art 71.1


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

L 158/125



of 5 June 2019

on common rules for the internal market for electricity and amending Directive 2012/27/EU


(Text with EEA relevance)


Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 194(2) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (2),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (3),




A number of amendments are to be made to Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (4). In the interests of clarity, that Directive should be recast.



The internal market for electricity, which has been progressively implemented throughout the Union since 1999, aims, by organising competitive electricity markets across country borders, to deliver real choice for all Union final customers, be they citizens or businesses, new business opportunities, competitive prices, efficient investment signals and higher standards of service, and to contribute to security of supply and sustainability.



Directive 2003/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (5) and Directive 2009/72/EC have made a significant contribution towards the creation of the internal market for electricity. However, the Union's energy system is in the middle of a profound change. The common goal of decarbonising the energy system creates new opportunities and challenges for market participants. At the same time, technological developments allow for new forms of consumer participation and cross-border cooperation. There is a need to adapt the Union market rules to a new market reality.



The Commission Communication of 25 February 2015, entitled ‘A Framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy’, sets out a vision of an Energy Union with citizens at its core, where citizens take ownership of the energy transition, benefit from new technologies to reduce their bills and participate actively in the market, and where vulnerable consumers are protected.



The Commission Communication of 15 July 2015, entitled ‘Delivering a New Deal for Energy Consumers’, put forward the Commission's vision for a retail market that better serves energy consumers, including by better linking wholesale and retail markets. By taking advantage of new technology, new and innovative energy service companies should enable all consumers to fully participate in the energy transition, managing their consumption to deliver energy efficient solutions which save them money and contribute to the overall reduction of energy consumption.



The Commission Communication of 15 July 2015, entitled ‘Launching the public consultation process on a new energy market design’, highlighted that the move away from generation in large central generating installations towards decentralised production of electricity from renewable sources and towards decarbonised markets requires adapting the current rules of electricity trading and changing the existing market roles. The Communication underlined the need to organise electricity markets in a more flexible manner and to fully integrate all market players – including producers of renewable energy, new energy service providers, energy storage and flexible demand. It is equally important for the Union to invest urgently in interconnection at Union level for the transfer of energy through...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



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