Regulation 2018/1672 - Controls on cash entering or leaving the Union - EU monitor

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Thursday, September 24, 2020

Regulation 2018/1672 - Controls on cash entering or leaving the Union

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Current status

This regulation has been published on November 12, 2018 and entered into force on December  2, 2018.


Key information

official title

Regulation (EU) 2018/1672 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2018 on controls on cash entering or leaving the Union and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1889/2005
Legal instrument Regulation
Number legal act Regulation 2018/1672
Original proposal COM(2016)825 EN
CELEX number i 32018R1672


Key dates

Document 23-10-2018; Date of signature
Publication in Official Journal 12-11-2018; OJ L 284 p. 6-21
Effect 02-12-2018; Entry into force Date pub. +20 See Art 21
02-12-2018; Application Partial application See Art 21
03-06-2021; Application See Art 21
Deadline 02-12-2018; See Art 15.2
03-12-2021; See Art 19.1
04-12-2021; See Art 18.1
End of validity 31-12-9999


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

L 284/6



of 23 October 2018

on controls on cash entering or leaving the Union and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1889/2005


Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Articles 33 and 114 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

After consulting the Committee of the Regions,

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (2),




The promotion of the harmonious, sustainable and inclusive development of the internal market as an area in which goods, persons, services and capital can freely and safely circulate is one of the priorities of the Union.



The reintroduction of illicit proceeds into the economy and the diversion of money to finance illicit activities create distortions and unfair competitive disadvantages for law-abiding citizens and companies, and are therefore a threat to the functioning of the internal market. Moreover, those practices foster criminal and terrorist activities which endanger the security of citizens of the Union. Accordingly, the Union has taken action to protect itself.



One of the main pillars of the action taken by the Union was Council Directive 91/308/EEC (3), which laid down a series of measures and obligations on financial institutions, legal persons and certain professions as regards, inter alia, transparency and record-keeping, as well as ‘know-your-customer’ provisions, and laid down an obligation to report suspicious transactions to national Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs). FIUs were established as hubs to assess such transactions, interact with their counterparts in other countries and, where required, contact judicial authorities. Directive 91/308/EEC has since been amended and replaced by successive measures. The provisions for the prevention of money laundering are currently laid down in Directive (EU) 2015/849 of the European Parliament and of the Council (4).



In light of the risk that the application of Directive 91/308/EEC would lead to an increase in cash movements for illicit purposes, which could pose a threat to the financial system and the internal market, that Directive was complemented by Regulation (EC) No 1889/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council (5). That Regulation aims to prevent and detect money laundering and terrorist financing by laying down a system of controls applicable to natural persons who enter or leave the Union carrying amounts of cash or bearer-negotiable instruments equal to or greater than EUR 10 000 or its equivalent in other currencies. The term ‘entering or leaving the Union’ should be defined by reference to the territory of the Union as defined in Article 355 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) in order to ensure that this Regulation has the broadest possible scope of application and that no areas would be exempt from its application and present opportunities to circumvent applicable controls.



Regulation (EC) No 1889/2005 implemented within the Community the international standards on combating money laundering and terrorist financing developed by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).



The FATF, established at the G7 summit held in Paris in 1989, is an inter-governmental body that sets standards and promotes the effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures to combat money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



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