Directive 2018/852 - Amendment of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste

Please note

This page contains a limited version of this dossier in the EU Monitor.


Current status

This directive has been published on June 14, 2018, entered into force on July  4, 2018 and should have been implemented in national regulation on July  5, 2020 at the latest.


Key information

official title

Directive (EU) 2018/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste
Legal instrument Directive
Number legal act Directive 2018/852
Original proposal COM(2015)596 EN
CELEX number i 32018L0852


Key dates

Document 30-05-2018; Date of signature
Publication in Official Journal 14-06-2018; OJ L 150 p. 141-154
Signature 30-05-2018
Effect 04-07-2018; Entry into force Date pub. +20 See Art 3
End of validity 31-12-9999
Transposition 05-07-2020; See Art 2.1


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

L 150/141



of 30 May 2018

amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste

(Text with EEA relevance)


Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 114 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (2),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (3),




Waste management in the Union should be improved, with a view to protecting, preserving and improving the quality of the environment, protecting human health, ensuring prudent efficient and rational utilisation of natural resources, promoting the principles of the circular economy, enhancing the use of renewable energy, increasing energy efficiency, reducing the dependence of the Union on imported resources, providing new economic opportunities and contributing to long-term competitiveness. The more efficient use of resources would also bring substantial net savings for Union businesses, public authorities and consumers, while reducing total annual greenhouse gas emissions.



The targets laid down in European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC (4) for the recovery and recycling of packaging and packaging waste should be amended by increasing the recycling of packaging waste to make them better reflect the Union’s ambition to move to a circular economy.



Furthermore, in order to ensure greater coherence in Union waste law, the definitions in Directive 94/62/EC should be aligned, where relevant, with those of Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (5) which is applicable to waste in general.



Waste prevention is the most efficient way to improve resource efficiency and to reduce the environmental impact of waste. It is important therefore that Member States take appropriate measures to encourage the increase in the share of reusable packaging placed on the market and the reuse of packaging. Such measures can include the use of deposit-return schemes and other incentives, such as setting quantitative targets, taking reuse into account for the attainment of recycling targets, and differentiated financial contributions for reusable packaging under extended producer responsibility schemes for packaging. Member States should take measures to incentivise the take-up of reusable packaging and to achieve a reduction in consumption of packaging that is not recyclable and of excessive packaging.



As reuse entails the avoidance of placing new packaging on the market and increasing the volumes of packaging waste generated, reusable sales packaging that is placed on the market for the first time and wooden packaging that is repaired for reuse should be taken into account for the purposes of attaining the respective packaging recycling targets.



Member States should put in place adequate incentives for the application of the waste hierarchy including economic instruments and other measures. Such measures should aim at minimising the environmental impacts of packaging and packaging waste from a life-cycle perspective, taking into account, where appropriate, the benefits of using bio-based materials and materials suitable for multiple recycling. Measures to increase public awareness of the benefits deriving from packaging made from recycled materials can contribute to expanding the recycling sector for packaging waste. Where single use packaging is...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



Sources and disclaimer

For further information you may want to consult the following sources that have been used to compile this dossier:

This dossier is compiled each night drawing from aforementioned sources through automated processes. We have invested a great deal in optimising the programming underlying these processes. However, we cannot guarantee the sources we draw our information from nor the resulting dossier are without fault.



Full version

This page is also available in a full version containing the legal context, de Europese rechtsgrond, other dossiers related to the dossier at hand and the related cases of the European Court of Justice.

The full version is available for registered users of the EU Monitor by ANP and PDC Informatie Architectuur.


EU Monitor

The EU Monitor enables its users to keep track of the European process of lawmaking, focusing on the relevant dossiers. It automatically signals the newly added documents and subsequent meetings in which these are scheduled for discussion or vote. The latest state of affairs is conveniently presented in such a way that a single glance is sufficient to keep informed. By way of alerts through e-mail or digital newsletters users and their clients are kept in the loop 24/7.

If you are interested in the EU Monitor, please contact us at