Regulation 2016/1624 - European Border and Coast Guard

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Current status

This regulation was in effect from October  6, 2016 until December  3, 2019.


Key information

official title

Regulation (EU) 2016/1624 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 September 2016 on the European Border and Coast Guard and amending Regulation (EU) 2016/399 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 863/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 and Council Decision 2005/267/EC
Legal instrument Regulation
Number legal act Regulation 2016/1624
Original proposal COM(2015)671 EN
CELEX number i 32016R1624


Key dates

Document 14-09-2016; Date of signature
Publication in Official Journal 16-09-2016; OJ L 251 p. 1-76
Effect 06-10-2016; Entry into force Date pub. +20 See Art 83
07-12-2016; Application Partial application See Art 83
07-01-2017; Application Partial application See Art 83
Deadline 07-10-2019; Review See Art 81.1
End of validity 03-12-2019; Partial end of validity 32019R1896
31-12-2020; Repealed by 32019R1896


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

L 251/1



of 14 September 2016

on the European Border and Coast Guard and amending Regulation (EU) 2016/399 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 863/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 and Council Decision 2005/267/EC


Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 77(2)(b) and (d) and Article 79(2)(c) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (2),




At its meeting on 25 and 26 June 2015, the European Council called for wider efforts in resolving unprecedented migratory flows towards Union territory in a comprehensive manner, including by reinforcing border management to better manage growing mixed migratory flows. Furthermore, at their informal meeting on migration on 23 September 2015, the Heads of State or Government stressed the need to tackle the dramatic situation at the external borders and to strengthen the controls at those borders, in particular through additional resources for the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO), and Europol, with human resources and technical contributions from Member States.



The objective of Union policy in the field of external border management is to develop and implement European integrated border management at national and Union level, which is a necessary corollary to the free movement of persons within the Union and is a fundamental component of an area of freedom, security and justice. European integrated border management is central to improving migration management. The aim is to manage the crossing of the external borders efficiently and address migratory challenges and potential future threats at those borders, thereby contributing to addressing serious crime with a cross-border dimension and ensuring a high level of internal security within the Union. At the same time, it is necessary to act in full respect for fundamental rights and in a manner that safeguards the free movement of persons within the Union.



European integrated border management, based on the four-tier access control model, comprises measures in third countries, such as under the common visa policy, measures with neighbouring third countries, border control measures at the external borders, risk analysis and measures within the Schengen area and return.



When implementing European integrated border management, coherence with other policy objectives should be ensured, including the proper functioning of cross-border transport.



To ensure the effective implementation of European integrated border management, a European Border and Coast Guard should be established. It should be provided with the requisite financial and human resources and equipment. The European Border and Coast Guard should comprise the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (‘the Agency’) and national authorities which are responsible for border management, including coast guards to the extent that they carry out border control tasks. As such it will rely upon the common use of information, capabilities and systems at national level and the response of the Agency at Union level.



European integrated border management should be implemented as a shared...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



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