Establishment of the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning

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Current status

This recommendation has been published on May  6, 2008.


Key information

official title

Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 on the establishment of the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning
Legal instrument Recommendation
Original proposal COM(2006)479 EN
CELEX number i 32008H0506(01)


Key dates

Document 23-04-2008
Publication in Official Journal 06-05-2008; OJ C 111 p. 1-7


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

C 111/1



of 23 April 2008

on the establishment of the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning

(Text with EEA relevance)

(2008/C 111/01)


Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 149(4) and Article 150(4) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (2),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty (3),




The development and recognition of citizens' knowledge, skills and competence are crucial for the development of individuals, competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in the Community. Such development and recognition should facilitate transnational mobility for workers and learners and contribute to meeting the requirements of supply and demand in the European labour market. Access to and participation in lifelong learning for all, including disadvantaged people, and the use of qualifications should therefore be promoted and improved at national and Community level.



The Lisbon European Council in 2000 concluded that increased transparency of qualifications should be one of the main components necessary to adapt education and training systems in the Community to the demands of the knowledge society. Furthermore, the Barcelona European Council in 2002 called for closer cooperation in the university sector and improvement of transparency and recognition methods in the area of vocational education and training.



The Council Resolution of 27 June 2002 on lifelong learning (4) invited the Commission, in close cooperation with the Council and Member States, to develop a framework for the recognition of qualifications for both education and training, building on the achievements of the Bologna process and promoting similar action in the area of vocational training.



The joint reports of the Council and the Commission on the implementation of the ‘Education and Training 2010’ work programme, adopted in 2004 and 2006, stressed the need to develop a European Qualifications Framework.



In the context of the Copenhagen process, the conclusions of the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 15 November 2004 on the future priorities of enhanced European cooperation in vocational education and training gave priority to the development of an open and flexible European Qualifications Framework, founded on transparency and mutual trust, which should stand as a common reference covering both education and training.



The validation of non-formal and informal learning outcomes should be promoted in accordance with the Council conclusions on common European principles for the identification and validation of non-formal and informal learning of 28 May 2004.



The Brussels European Councils of March 2005 and March 2006 underlined the importance of adopting a European Qualifications Framework.



This Recommendation takes into account Decision No 2241/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 on a single Community framework for the transparency of qualifications and competences (Europass) (5) and Recommendation 2006/962/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on key competences for lifelong learning (6).



This Recommendation is compatible with the framework for the European Higher Education Area and...


This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



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