Regulation 2005/1 - Protection of animals during transport and related operations - EU monitor

EU monitor
Wednesday, July 8, 2020

Regulation 2005/1 - Protection of animals during transport and related operations

Please note

This page contains a limited version of this dossier in the EU Monitor.


Current status

This regulation is in effect from January 25, 2005 until December 14, 2022.


Key information

official title

Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1255/97
Legal instrument Regulation
Number legal act Regulation 2005/1
Original proposal COM(2003)425 EN
CELEX number i 32005R0001


Key dates

Document 22-12-2004
Publication in Official Journal 05-01-2005; OJ L 3, 5.1.2005,Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 03 Volume 058,Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 03 Volume 062,Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 03 Volume 062
Effect 25-01-2005; Entry into force Date pub. + 20 See Art 37
05-01-2007; Partial application See Art 37
05-01-2008; Partial application See Art 37
Deadline 31-08-2020; See Art 27.2 And 32017R0625
End of validity 14-12-2022; Partial end of validity See 32017R0625 Art. 154.2


Legislative text



Official Journal of the European Union

L 3/1



of 22 December 2004

on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1255/97


Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 37 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the Opinion of the European Parliament (1),

Having regard to the Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (2),

Following consultation of the Committee of the Regions,




The Protocol on protection and welfare of animals annexed to the Treaty requires that in formulating and implementing agriculture and transport policies, the Community and the Member States are to pay full regard to the welfare requirements of animals.



Under Council Directive 91/628/EEC of 19 November 1991 on the protection of animals during transport (3), the Council has adopted rules in the field of the transport of animals in order to eliminate technical barriers to trade in live animals and to allow market organisations to operate smoothly, while ensuring a satisfactory level of protection for the animals concerned.



The Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the experience acquired by Member States since the implementation of Council Directive 95/29/EC of 29 June 1995 amending Directive 91/628/EEC concerning the protection of animals during transport (4), as required under Directive 91/628/EEC, recommended amending current Community legislation in this field.



Most Member States have ratified the European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport and the Council has given a mandate to the Commission to negotiate on behalf of the Community the revised European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport.



For reasons of animal welfare the transport of animals over long journeys, including animals for slaughter, should be limited as far as possible.



The Council invited the Commission on 19 June 2001 (5) to submit proposals for ensuring effective implementation and strict enforcement of existing Community legislation, improving the protection and welfare of animals as well as preventing the occurrence and spread of infectious animal diseases, and putting in place more stringent requirements so as to prevent pain and suffering in order to safeguard the welfare and health of animals during and after transport.



On 13 November 2001, the European Parliament called on the Commission to present proposals for amending existing Community rules on the transport of livestock, in particular with a view to:


consulting the competent scientific committee on the duration of animal transport,


presenting a harmonised European model certificate for transporters; harmonising route plans for long transport,


ensuring that any member of staff handling livestock during transport has completed a training course recognised by the competent authorities, and


ensuring that veterinary checks at Community border inspection posts include comprehensive inspection of the welfare conditions in which animals are transported.



The Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare adopted an opinion on the welfare of animals during transport on 11 March 2002. Community legislation should therefore be amended to take into account new scientific evidence while giving priority to the need for its enforceability to be properly ensured in the immediate future.





This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.


Original proposal



Sources and disclaimer

For further information you may want to consult the following sources that have been used to compile this dossier:

This dossier is compiled each night drawing from aforementioned sources through automated processes. We have invested a great deal in optimising the programming underlying these processes. However, we cannot guarantee the sources we draw our information from nor the resulting dossier are without fault.



Full version

This page is also available in a full version containing the summary of legislation, the legal context, de Europese rechtsgrond, other dossiers related to the dossier at hand, the related cases of the European Court of Justice and finally consultations relevant to the dossier at hand.

The full version is available for registered users of the EU Monitor by ANP and PDC Informatie Architectuur.


EU Monitor

The EU Monitor enables its users to keep track of the European process of lawmaking, focusing on the relevant dossiers. It automatically signals the newly added documents and subsequent meetings in which these are scheduled for discussion or vote. The latest state of affairs is conveniently presented in such a way that a single glance is sufficient to keep informed. By way of alerts through e-mail or digital newsletters users and their clients are kept in the loop 24/7.

If you are interested in the EU Monitor, please contact us at