Regulation 2003/1 - Implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty

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1.

Current status

This regulation has been published on January  4, 2003 and entered into force on January 24, 2003.

2.

Key information

official title

Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 of 16 December 2002 on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty
 
Legal instrument Regulation
Number legal act Regulation 2003/1
Original proposal COM(2000)582 EN
CELEX number i 32003R0001

3.

Key dates

Document 16-12-2002
Publication in Official Journal 04-01-2003; Special edition in Estonian: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Polish: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Czech: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Hungarian: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Maltese: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Slovak: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 08 Volume 001,Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 08 Volume 001,Special edition in Latvian: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 08 Volume 001,Special edition in Lithuanian: Chapter 08 Volume 002,Special edition in Slovenian: Chapter 08 Volume 002,OJ L 1, 4.1.2003
Effect 24-01-2003; Entry into force Date pub. + 20 See Art 45
01-05-2004; Application See Art 45
End of validity 31-12-9999

4.

Legislative text

Avis juridique important

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5.

32003R0001

Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 of 16 December 2002 on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty (Text with EEA relevance)

Official Journal L 001 , 04/01/2003 P. 0001 - 0025

Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003

of 16 December 2002

on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 83 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission(1),

Having regard to the opinion of the European Parliament(2),

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee(3),

Whereas:

  • (1) 
    In order to establish a system which ensures that competition in the common market is not distorted, Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty must be applied effectively and uniformly in the Community. Council Regulation No 17 of 6 February 1962, First Regulation implementing Articles 81 and 82(4) of the Treaty(5), has allowed a Community competition policy to develop that has helped to disseminate a competition culture within the Community. In the light of experience, however, that Regulation should now be replaced by legislation designed to meet the challenges of an integrated market and a future enlargement of the Community.
  • (2) 
    In particular, there is a need to rethink the arrangements for applying the exception from the prohibition on agreements, which restrict competition, laid down in Article 81(3) of the Treaty. Under Article 83(2)(b) of the Treaty, account must be taken in this regard of the need to ensure effective supervision, on the one hand, and to simplify administration to the greatest possible extent, on the other.
  • (3) 
    The centralised scheme set up by Regulation No 17 no longer secures a balance between those two objectives. It hampers application of the Community competition rules by the courts and competition authorities of the Member States, and the system of notification it involves prevents the Commission from concentrating its resources on curbing the most serious infringements. It also imposes considerable costs on undertakings.
  • (4) 
    The present system should therefore be replaced by a directly applicable exception system in which the competition authorities and courts of the Member States have the power to apply not only Article 81(1) and Article 82 of the Treaty, which have direct applicability by virtue of the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities, but also Article 81(3) of the Treaty.
  • (5) 
    In order to ensure an effective enforcement of the Community competition rules and at the same time the respect of fundamental rights of defence, this Regulation should regulate the burden of proof under Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty. It should be for the party or the authority alleging an infringement of Article 81(1) and Article 82 of the Treaty to prove the existence thereof to the required legal standard. It should be for the undertaking or association of undertakings invoking the benefit of a defence against a finding of an infringement to demonstrate to the required legal standard that the conditions for applying such defence are satisfied. This Regulation affects neither national rules on the standard of proof nor obligations of competition authorities and courts of the Member States to ascertain the relevant facts of a case, provided that such rules and obligations are compatible with general principles of Community law.
  • (6) 
    In order to ensure that the Community competition rules are applied effectively, the competition authorities of the Member States should be associated more closely with their application. To this end, they should be empowered to apply Community law.
  • (7) 
    National courts...

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This text has been adopted from EUR-Lex.

6.

Original proposal

 

7.

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