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official titleCouncil Directive 2002/10/EC of 12 February 2002 amending Directives 92/79/EEC, 92/80/EEC and 95/59/EC as regards the structure and rates of excise duty applied on manufactured tobacco
|Number legal act||Directive 2002/10|
|CELEX number i||32002L0010|
|Publication in Official Journal||16-02-2002; Special edition in Polish: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Maltese: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Slovak: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Estonian: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 03 Volume 041,Special edition in Latvian: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Lithuanian: Chapter 03 Volume 035,OJ L 46, 16.2.2002,Special edition in Czech: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Slovenian: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Hungarian: Chapter 03 Volume 035,Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 03 Volume 041|
|Effect||08-03-2002; Entry into force Date pub. + 20 See Art 5|
|Deadline||01-07-2002; At the latest See Art 4.1
01-01-2008; D Art 3.1 At the latest See Art 4.2
01-01-2008; E Art 1.1 At the latest See Art 4.2
01-01-2008; GR Art 1.1 At the latest See Art 4.2
|End of validity||31-12-2010; Repealed by 32011L0064|
Council Directive 2002/10/EC of 12 February 2002 amending Directives 92/79/EEC, 92/80/EEC and 95/59/EC as regards the structure and rates of excise duty applied on manufactured tobacco
Official Journal L 046 , 16/02/2002 P. 0026 - 0028
Council Directive 2002/10/EC
of 12 February 2002
amending Directives 92/79/EEC, 92/80/EEC and 95/59/EC as regards the structure and rates of excise duty applied on manufactured tobacco
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 93 thereof,
Having regard to the proposal from the Commission(1),
Having regard to the opinion of the European Parliament(2),
Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee(3),
(1)In accordance with Article 4 of Council Directive 92/79/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the approximation of taxes on cigarettes(4) and Article 4 of Council Directive 92/80/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the approximation of taxes on manufactured tobacco other than cigarettes(5), an in-depth review of the rates and structure of excise duties on tobacco products has been carried out.
(2)The Commission's first report on the subject, of 13 September 1995, merely drew attention to certain difficulties encountered in implementing the Directives, without proposing any specific solutions.
(3)The Commission's second report, of 15 May 1998, examined the necessary technical amendments, which were mainly to do with adjusting the incidence of the overall minimum duty on cigarettes, but kept the structures and rates of duty unchanged. The report, submitted to the Council on 18 May 1998, included a proposal for an amending Directive(6).
(4)The proposals made by the Commission were largely adopted in Council Directive 1999/81/EC of 29 July 1999 amending Directive 92/79/EEC on the approximation of taxes on cigarettes, Directive 92/80/EEC on the approximation of taxes on manufactured tobacco other than cigarettes and Directive 95/59/EC on taxes other than turnover taxes which affect the consumption of manufactured tobacco(7).
(5)An analysis of the changes of prices and excise rates for tobacco products in the Community shows that there are still considerable differences between Member States which may disturb the operation of the internal market as it is now and as it will be after enlargement.
(6)Greater convergence between the tax rates applied in the Member States would help reduce fraud and smuggling within the Community. The introduction of a fixed minimum amount expressed in euro, in addition to the minimum excise incidence of 57 % of the retail selling price of cigarettes of the price category most in demand, will ensure that a minimum level of excise duties is levied on such cigarettes. Member States for which the immediate introduction of this fixed minimum amount expressed in euro would be problematic for economic reasons, should be authorised to postpone the implementation of this new requirement until 31 December 2004 at the latest. Member States which already levy a high level of excise duty should be allowed greater leeway in setting the rates. A further increase of the fixed minimum amounts, on 1 July 2006, should be foreseen. In view of the economic difficulties that could be caused by the implementation at this date of this increased amount, the Kingdom of Spain and the Hellenic Republic should be authorised to postpone its implementation until 31 December 2007.
(7)The Treaty requires that the definition and implementation of all Community policies and activities ensure a high level of human health protection. Cigarettes and fine-cut tobacco intended for the rolling of cigarettes are both harmful to consumers' health. The level of taxation is a major factor in the price of tobacco products, which in turn influences...
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